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Craps History

Craps is a very popular dice game among both the land based as well as online casinos and is the offspring of a very old English game called Hazard. The craps game has a vital part in the history of gambling and casinos. Craps and the ancient game of Hazard have a long and interesting history.


Hazard is believed to be invented by the Englishman, Sir William of Tyre and his knights, during the crusades.  It is believed that it used to be the pastime for the crusaders while laying siege to a castle called Hazarth or Asart in 1125 AD. 


There are scholars who believe that Hazard originated from an Arabic dice game called "Al Zar" which means dice in Arabic and the game migrated to Europe with the help of merchants before the 12th century.


Craps in the 17th and 18th Century


The game Hazard received much popularity in England in the 17th century. The French called this game Craps which was used to describe a losing situation in Hazard in which the players rolls a 2. Some scholars believe that the name "craps" originated in America, as a result of a corruption of the term "crabs". Hazard arrived to America with the help of British or French settlers.


Craps in the 19th Century


In the beginning of the 19th century craps history took another turn when John H. Winn simplified Craps and invented the modern layout to the game. According to John Scarne, a famous dice maker, John H. Winn is the father of modern craps. Winn introduced the Pass and Don't Pass bets, the Big 6 and 8 bets in the craps game. Basically he invented the craps game rules.


Craps in the 20th and 21st Century


Craps gained worldwide popularity during the 20th and 21st centuries. In World War 2 soldiers of both sides played craps and used it to pass the time between actual fighting. The game migrated with U.S soldiers to distant parts of the world and today there are few places on Earth where the game is not played.


There are two general variations of Craps played today - called "Street Craps" and "Bank Craps". In recent times, Online Craps has also become very popular. Craps is one of the amazing games in the gambling world today because of the high rolls.

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