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Blackjack History

The history of blackjack is still unclear. However it is believed that it was developed from other French games such as chemin de fer and French Ferme. The name blackjack originated from an early bet that paid 10 to 1 if the player got a jack of spades and an ace of spades, both black cards, as the initial two cards.

 

The origin of blackjack game in French casinos dates back to 1700's where it was called “vingt-et-un” meaning twenty-and-one. The goal of the game is the same in all of the versions of Blackjack i.e. you have to get a total of 21 to win.

 

During the 17th century there was a game in Italy which was referred to as Seven and a half. This game was played with face cards, and the 7, 8, and 9 cards. You were to make a hand of seven and a half points. The 7, 8, and 9 were valued at one point, and the face cards at half a point. And the King card, with diamonds, was considered as a wild card. The players who went over 7 and a half were considered busted.

 

Blackjack then migrated to North America. During this period Blackjack was played secretly. In 1931 Nevada made gambling legal which was considered the new birth of card games.

 

In 1953 blackjack was studied for the very first time and a group of people calculated the variables to reduce the houses advantage in the game. In 1956 these results were published.

 

In 1962, Thorp refined the basic strategy of the game and developed the first card counting techniques. On the basis of his results he wrote a book named “Beat the Dealer”.

 

In addition to the United States, countries operating casinos include France, England, Monaco and the Caribbean islands.

 

Another major contribution in the blackjack history was given by Julian Braun, who worked at IBM. His results were published in the second edition of Beat the Dealer, and later in Lawrence 1977 book "Playing Blackjack as a Business".

 

You can find the blackjack game mostly in the North America, Australia, Europe and the UK.

 

Blackjack wouldn’t be the same without its incredible history behind the game. People are playing this game from centuries. It is a very easy to play game.

 

The game of blackjack is available at both land based casinos and online casinos all over the world today.



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